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ICE: Introduce, Cite, and Explain Your Proof

ICE: Introduce, Cite, and Explain Your Proof

Body paragraphs in educational essays have proof that supports debatable main a few ideas that come https://123helpme.biz/ in subject sentences, and writers that are responsible sure to introduce, cite, and explain quotes and paraphrases used as evidence.

INTRODUCE: Introduce all your quotes utilizing introductory phrases. Below are a few examples:

  • Based on Michael Smith, “you should make use of the author’s first and last name whenever you cite that writer for the first time in your paper” (1).
  • As Smith describes, “you can introduce a number to your quotes of different phrases” (1).
  • Smith suggests that “if the introduction to your quote is not a clause that is dependent it does not must be accompanied by a comma” (1).
  • Smith observes the next in their article: “by using a colon to introduce an estimate, you will need a sentence that is complete the colon” (1).

CITE: Provide appropriate parenthetical citations for many quotes and paraphrases (although not summaries). Check the style that is appropriate for guidelines, e.g. MLA, APA, and Chicago. Below are a few directions for MLA style citation:

  • If the author’s name appears within the introduction to your estimate or in the paraphrase, it doesn’t need certainly to can be found in the reference that is parenthetical because the citations above illustrate.
  • In the event that author’s name doesn’t come in the introduction to your estimate, the name must can be found in the parenthetical guide. Look at after exemplory instance of a cited paraphrase:

Some teachers at UM simply take points off of your last paper grade if you don’t cite paraphrased or quoted material properly (Smith 1).

EXPLAIN: ensure that you explain your quotes. Offer analysis that ties them returning to your main concept / topic sentence. Simply put, touch upon the data so that you can incorporate it in to the argument you’re making.

Here’s a typical example of a entire educational body paragraph that illustrates ICE: introduction, citation, and description:

These young teachers have just begun to understand and participate in the changing ecology of literacy described above, particularly in adopting a view that digital writing is worthy of attention in schools despite their competence as readers and writers. Grabill and Hicks argue that “using ICTs (Information interaction Technologies) is not enough; critically understanding how these writing technologies allow brand new literacies and significant interaction should additionally be a core curricular and pedagogical purpose of English training” (307). While our experience as teacher educators, especially within the context of Kristen’s program, shows us that adopting this perspective is difficult, we believe that you can find compelling social reasons why you should achieve this.

(Sample paragraph extracted from page 62 of Turner, Kristen Hawley, and Troy Hicks. “‘That’s not Writing’: checking out the Intersection of Digital Writing, Community Literacy, and Social Justice.” Community Literacy Journal 6.1 (2011): 55-78. Printing.)

Activity: With someone, strive to repair the introductions and citations into the paragraph below.

Don DeLillo characterizes the United states National Identity as consumerism. The Gladneys are DeLillo’s depiction associated with typical United states consumerist household. “That night, a Friday, we collected at the television set, as ended up being the customized and also the rule, with take-out Chinese.” (DeLillo 64) In this excerpt DeLillo ritualizes the procedure for a family evening all over tv. DeLillo will not merely suggest that that is a tradition passed on through culture, rather utilizing the term ‘rule’ he’s invoking a moral imperative that elevates the function from the social trend to a ritual that is religious. An additional example where consumerism is ritualized Jack is viewing their daughter Steffie rest when, “She uttered two demonstrably audible terms, familiar and evasive at exactly the same time, terms that appeared to have ritual meaning, section of a spoken spell or chant that is ecstatic. Toyota Celia (DeLillo 148).” This quote reveals that not merely is consumerism a ritual that is external it additionally permeates our unconscious to the level that people imitate commercials inside our sleep.

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